Teenagers and intercourse: Defending your teen’s sexual well being

Teenagers and intercourse can be a risky combination. Discover out how to chat to your teenager about abstinence and contraception.

By Mayo Clinic Team

Couple of mom and dad want to experience the thought that their teens are acquiring intercourse — but study reveals that quite a few teens are sexually active by large college, likely placing on their own at hazard of being pregnant and sexually transmitted bacterial infections (STIs). When it comes to teens and intercourse, the critical is talking about the value of contraception before sexual exercise begins.

Discuss about safe and sound intercourse with your teenager even if he or she identifies as gay. He or she may nevertheless engage in heterosexual activities, and is at hazard of STIs no matter of the associate with whom he or she engages in sexual exercise.

Advertising abstinence

When broaching the topic of teens and intercourse, it really is never ever as well late to chat about abstinence. No matter whether you really feel strongly that intercourse before marriage is mistaken or you just want your teenager to postpone intercourse until finally he or she is a lot more mature, demonstrate your inner thoughts to your teenager. If you share the reasons driving your beliefs, your teenager may be a lot more most likely to have an understanding of and undertake your values.

Also question your teenager to think about his or her personal values and hopes for the future — and take into account how intercourse could have an affect on them. Clarify that:

  • Teenagers and intercourse can be a risky combination
  • There are quite a few nonsexual ways he or she can show inner thoughts for another person
  • The only guaranteed way to prevent teenager being pregnant and STIs, this kind of as chlamydia, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes and HIV, is to abstain from intercourse — oral, vaginal and anal

Discussing beginning control alternatives

Comprehending beginning control strategies is an critical everyday living talent for anyone. No matter whether your teenager decides to have intercourse or hold out, make guaranteed your teenager is familiar with how to prevent being pregnant and defend himself or herself from sexually transmitted bacterial infections.

Condoms

Tension the value of usually employing condoms all through intercourse, even if your teenager is employing a second sort of contraception.

  • Consistent and proper use of condoms is the most efficient way for sexually active teens to defend on their own from sexually transmitted bacterial infections.
  • Condoms assistance prevent being pregnant.

Prescription beginning control

Various prescription contraceptives can assistance prevent teenager being pregnant. The American Faculty of Obstetricians and Gynecologists encourages adolescents to take into account extended-performing reversible contraception initially — including intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants — as these alternatives are highly efficient with little believed expected.

Prescription beginning control alternatives that assistance prevent teenager being pregnant incorporate:

  • Intrauterine devices (Mirena, Skyla, Paragard)
  • A contraceptive implant (Nexplanon)
  • Combination beginning control tablets
  • The contraceptive patch (Xulane)
  • The vaginal ring (NuvaRing)
  • The contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera)

Your teenager will need to see a health care provider to get a prescription for these sorts of contraceptives. Just before scheduling the appointment, locate out if she would like to see a female health care provider.

Clarify to your teenager that the health care provider most likely will:

  • Evaluation professional medical heritage
  • Go more than the challenges and positive aspects of unique sorts of beginning control

The health care provider will also conduct a pelvic examination if your teenager chooses an intrauterine contraception process.

Make guaranteed your teenager understands that prescription beginning control is not a alternative for condoms. Prescription beginning control will help prevent being pregnant, but it would not give defense from sexually transmitted bacterial infections.

Unexpected emergency beginning control

Clarify to your teenager that it really is usually a excellent thought to make a determination about beginning control before acquiring intercourse. Even so, unexpected emergency contraception — this kind of as the morning-immediately after tablet levonorgestrel (Plan B A single-Action, Next Selection A single Dose, Get Motion) or ulipristal (ella) — can assistance prevent being pregnant if your teenager would not plan in advance or contraception fails.

  • Plan B A single-Action is accessible more than-the-counter with no a prescription.
  • Next Selection A single Dose and Get Motion, are accessible more than-the-counter for those people age seventeen and more mature and by prescription for girls younger than age seventeen.
  • Ella is accessible only with a prescription from your health care provider or well being treatment company.

Make guaranteed your teenager understands that unexpected emergency contraception ought to be started out as shortly as doable immediately after unprotected intercourse. The sooner the tablets are taken, the a lot more most likely they are to be efficient, however they may be taken up to 5 days (a hundred and twenty hrs) immediately after unprotected intercourse.

All-natural family members planning

If use of contraception goes towards your values, you could take into account talking to your teenager about purely natural family members planning, which will involve abstaining from intercourse all through a woman’s most fertile days.

Keep this in intellect:

  • All-natural family members planning strategies are not as efficient as prescription beginning control and never give defense from sexually transmitted bacterial infections.
  • Effective use of purely natural family members planning strategies involves diligence and planning — and teenager intercourse is frequently unplanned.
  • Teen girls typically have irregular menstrual cycles, which can make it complicated to assess fertility indicators.

Don’t be fearful that talking to your teenager about contraception will motivate him or her to have intercourse. Your teenager is most likely curious about intercourse and contraception, irrespective of whether or not you convey up the topic. By getting open up and genuine, you can assistance your teenager make educated selections and act a lot more responsibly when he or she decides to have intercourse — irrespective of whether it really is now or years in the future.

If you might be acquiring difficulty talking to your teenager about contraception, question your teen’s health care provider for assistance. He or she may give advice on how to chat to your teenager and correctly remedy concerns about contraception.

Encouraging dependable habits

Teenagers may deficiency the maturity to correctly and persistently use particular sorts of contraception. If your teenager is thinking about employing prescription beginning control, make guaranteed to demonstrate the subsequent to assistance her find a process:

  • Frequency of use and benefit. For occasion, combination beginning control tablets need to be taken at the same time every working day, while NuvaRing is worn for three months at a time.
  • Monitoring doctor’s appointments and beginning control use. Clarify the value of trying to keep track of doctor’s appointments and focus on how to construct beginning control use portion of her regime — this kind of as by having a everyday combination beginning control tablet at the same time your teenager receives ready for mattress.
  • Missed doses. Make guaranteed your daughter understands what to do if she misses a dose or suspects that she may be pregnant.

If your teenager is considering getting to be sexually active, you could also deliver useful suggestions — this kind of as trying to keep condoms in a wallet or purse. Clarify to your teenager that use of alcohol and other medicine may have an affect on his or her judgment and raise the hazard of contracting a sexually transmitted an infection.

The base line

Conversing about intercourse and contraception with your teenager is not quick. Even so, your steering can assistance your teenager make educated selections that assistance defend his or her sexual well being.