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Smokeless tobacco products – Mayo Clinic

Smokeless tobacco solutions

Chewing tobacco and other sorts of smokeless tobacco are extra harmful and addictive than you could believe.

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Chewing tobacco and other smokeless tobacco solutions are normally promoted as safer than cigarettes mainly because they usually are not connected to lung most cancers.

Having said that, these solutions have some of the similar dangers as cigarettes. And smokeless tobacco has other dangers as nicely. There are no harmless tobacco solutions.

What is smokeless tobacco?

Smokeless tobacco solutions consist of tobacco that is chewed, sucked or sniffed, somewhat than smoked. Nicotine is absorbed through the tissues of the mouth and in some situations swallowed.

A lot of sorts of smokeless tobacco solutions are made use of all over the earth. In the U.S., the most well known consist of chewing tobacco, snuff, snus and dissolvable tobacco solutions.

Chewing tobacco

Chewing tobacco is sold as loose leaves, braided leaves (identified as a twist) and compressed leaves (identified as a plug). It may perhaps be flavored. Chewing tobacco is positioned in between the cheek and gum. The saliva that builds up in the mouth is either spit out or swallowed. Chewing tobacco is also identified as chew, spitting tobacco or spit.

Snuff

Snuff is finely ground tobacco that may perhaps be dry or moist. It’s packaged in tins or pouches. It may perhaps be flavored. A pinch of snuff is positioned along the gumline, either guiding the lip or in between the gum and cheek. Employing snuff is also identified as dipping. Dry snuff can be snorted.

Snus

Snus (pronounced snoos) is a sort of moist snuff that originated in Sweden. It’s sold loose or in pouches. Snus is pasteurized to eliminate microbes that can generate most cancers-causing chemicals. Some evidence suggests that snus buyers usually are not at as good a risk as cigarette buyers are for mouth most cancers, heart ailment, stroke, lung most cancers and other lung troubles.

Dissolvable tobacco

Dissolvable tobacco solutions are powdered tobacco pressed into shapes, this sort of as tablets, sticks or strips. Some incorporate sweeteners or flavoring and may perhaps seem like sweet. The pressed tobacco is chewed or held in the mouth right up until it dissolves. These solutions are not the similar as the nicotine lozenges made use of to enable people quit cigarette smoking.

Health dangers of smokeless tobacco

Smokeless tobacco solutions could expose people to reduce ranges of harmful chemicals than tobacco smoke, but that isn’t going to suggest these solutions are a secure choice to cigarette smoking.

Smokeless tobacco has nicotine, which can direct to addiction, and dozens of chemicals that can lead to most cancers.

Health troubles linked to smokeless tobacco consist of the pursuing:

  • Addiction. Nicotine is the chemical that can make tobacco addictive. Investigation suggests that people who use smokeless tobacco get as significantly or extra nicotine into their bodies as people who smoke cigarettes. Just as with cigarette smoking, withdrawal from smokeless tobacco can lead to extreme cravings, irritability and depressed temper.
  • Cancer. The use of chewing tobacco and other smokeless tobacco solutions improves the risk of most cancers of the mouth, throat and pancreas. Smokeless tobacco also improves the risk of establishing little white patches in your mouth identified as leukoplakia (loo-koh-Perform-key-uh). These patches are precancerous — indicating that they have the possible to turn into most cancers.
  • Heart ailment. Some sorts of smokeless tobacco maximize your heart level and blood tension. Extended-phrase use of smokeless tobacco improves your risk of dying of heart ailment and stroke.
  • Dental ailment. The sugar and irritants in smokeless tobacco solutions can lead to cavities, abrasion of enamel, enamel staining, lousy breath, gum ailment, receding gums, bone decline all over roots and tooth decline.
  • Being pregnant risk. Employing smokeless tobacco during pregnancy improves the risk of stillbirth, minimal beginning fat and heart level variability in infants.
  • Poisoning risk. The sweet-like visual appearance and flavors of some smokeless tobacco solutions make them beautiful to little ones. Eating these solutions can lead to nicotine poisoning. Nicotine poisoning in little ones may perhaps lead to nausea, vomiting, weakness, convulsions, unresponsiveness, hassle respiratory and even loss of life.

Quitting tobacco

Makers may perhaps suggest that smokeless tobacco will enable you quit cigarette smoking, but this has not been proved. Because of the wellness dangers, smokeless tobacco solutions usually are not a very good choice to quit cigarette smoking.

If you use chewing tobacco or other sorts of smokeless tobacco, consider options to enable you quit. Your medical doctor can be a good useful resource and can enable you develop a quit prepare.

Methods made for cigarette smoking cessation may perhaps enable you end utilizing smokeless tobacco. The pursuing interventions have been uncovered most efficient in investigation about quitting chewing tobacco and other smokeless solutions:

  • Behavioral interventions — this sort of as phone products and services, self-enable elements and counseling — can present you with guidance and enable you establish coping abilities.
  • Nicotine substitution therapy utilizing the patch, gum or lozenges can enable reduce cravings for tobacco solutions.
  • Medicine. Two non-nicotine prescription drugs are accepted to enable reduce nicotine withdrawal signs.

In the U.S. you can get in touch with the Countrywide Cancer Institute’s phone quit line: Phone 877-44U-Stop (877-448-7848). Or you can come across your state’s quit line by calling 800-Stop-NOW (800-784-8669).

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