Photo of cat scratching itself in the foreground with a dog watching in the background

Fleas and ticks can be much more than just an itchy annoyance to your pets—they can trigger significant harm. So it’s vital to know how to use flea and tick solutions safely and securely.  It’s also vital to know whom to report to if you’re encountering troubles with these solutions.

Flea and tick solutions for animals are controlled by either the Food and Drug Administration or the Environmental Security Company (EPA). Fda and EPA have an interagency committee that evaluates solutions on a situation-by-situation foundation to determine the suitable regulatory agency.

Generally talking, the Fda is liable for approving animal medicines and regulates flea and tick solutions that are given orally, like tablets, chews, and swallowable liquids, or by injection. EPA, with some exceptions, regulates those people solutions that are used to animals topically – to pets’ pores and skin or fur. This involves shampoos, collars, dust or powder, sprays, and spot-on flea and tick solutions.

The suitable agency bases its evaluation on a comprehensive critique of comprehensive information and facts on the product’s basic safety and efficiency. This information and facts is furnished by the company or other solution sponsor. The sponsor have to present that the drug or pesticide meets present basic safety specifications to safeguard:

  • the animal,
  • folks in get in touch with with the animal, and
  • the surroundings.

The sponsor have to also present that the drug or pesticide achieves the claimed result, and the solution have to have precise labeling so that it can be applied safely and securely and effectively.

Even though flea and tick solutions are pretty frequently applied across animals of numerous measurements, ages and overall health profiles (as directed on the label) with no troubles, aspect results can take place. Buyers can report aspect results to both equally the Fda and EPA, as well as solution producers. For that motive, it’s fantastic to hold on to the solution packaging so that you have the get in touch with information and facts for the company, as well as aspects like the whole lot amount.

You can convey to which agency regulates the solution by searching at the packaging. For Fda-controlled solutions, look for the letters “NADA” or “ANADA,” adopted by a six-digit amount in this format: NADA-xxx-xxx or ANADA xxx-xxx.  Goods controlled by EPA will have an EPA registration amount: EPA Reg. No. xxxxx-xxxxx. These numbers enable detect the exact solution greater than the name of the solution alone.

  • To report troubles with Fda-permitted flea or tick drug solutions, get in touch with the drug company straight (see get in touch with information and facts on solution labeling) or report to FDA’s Center for Veterinary Drugs on a Kind Fda 1932a. For much more information and facts, make sure you stop by www.food and drug administration.gov/reportanimalae.
  • To report troubles with EPA-controlled solutions, get in touch with the company straight (see get in touch with information and facts on solution labeling), EPA  External Website link Disclaimer, or the Nationwide Pesticide Info Center External Website link Disclaimer (NPIC) at one-800-858-7378.
  • If your pet demands immediate healthcare treatment, phone your regional veterinarian, a regional animal emergency clinic, or the Nationwide Animal Poison Control Center External Website link Disclaimer at one-888-426-4435. The NAPCC fees a charge for session.