Diuretics, also referred to as water tablets, are a typical treatment for substantial blood force. Come across out how they function and when you could possibly need to have them.

By Mayo Clinic Team

Diuretics, from time to time referred to as water tablets, help rid your overall body of salt (sodium) and water. Most of these medications help your kidneys launch extra sodium into your urine. The sodium will help eliminate water from your blood, lowering the sum of fluid flowing by your veins and arteries. This decreases blood force.

Illustrations of diuretics

There are a few forms of diuretics:

  • Thiazide
  • Loop
  • Potassium sparing

Every single type of diuretic impacts a diverse section of your kidneys. Some tablets incorporate extra than one particular type of diuretic or incorporate a diuretic with another blood force medication.

Which diuretic is best for you is dependent on your wellbeing and the affliction getting dealt with.

Illustrations of thiazide diuretics taken by mouth incorporate:

  • Chlorothiazide
  • Chlorthalidone
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Indapamide
  • Metolazone

Illustrations of loop diuretics incorporate:

  • Bumetanide (Bumex)
  • Ethacrynic acid (Edecrin)
  • Furosemide (Lasix)
  • Torsemide (Soaanz)

Illustrations of potassium-sparing diuretics incorporate:

  • Amiloride (Midamor)
  • Eplerenone (Inspra)
  • Spironolactone (Aldactone, Carospir)
  • Triamterene (Dyrenium)

When diuretics are employed

Thiazide diuretics are advised as one particular of the initial drug treatment plans for substantial blood force.

If diuretics aren’t sufficient to lessen your blood force, your medical professional could possibly include other blood force medicines to your treatment strategy.

Diuretics are also employed to prevent, treat or improve indications in individuals who have:

  • Coronary heart failure
  • Liver failure
  • Tissue swelling (edema)
  • Specified kidney diseases, these as kidney stones

Side effects

Diuretics are typically risk-free. Side effects incorporate greater urination and sodium reduction.

Diuretics can also affect blood potassium degrees. If you take a thiazide diuretic, your potassium level can drop much too lower (hypokalemia), which can trigger life-threatening complications with your heartbeat. If you happen to be on a potassium-sparing diuretic, you can have much too much potassium in your blood.

Other attainable side effects of diuretics incorporate:

  • Dizziness
  • Complications
  • Dehydration
  • Muscle mass cramps
  • Joint diseases (gout)
  • Impotence