December 7, 2022

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Caring for Life

COVID-19 vaccines – what to expect: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

5 min read

COVID-19 vaccines are utilised to increase the body’s immune process and safeguard in opposition to COVID-19. These vaccines are a critical tool to support cease the COVID-19 pandemic.

Find out what to hope prior to and right after you are vaccinated for COVID-19.

Right before YOU GET THE VACCINE

Check with your point out wellness division to locate out when you are suitable to get a vaccine. You should be ready to locate out how to indication up for a vaccine and at what site. You can also verify the CDC VaccineFinder to locate out wherever to get a vaccine in your region.

Right before you go to your appointment, verify your affirmation email messages to locate out what you may want to deliver to the appointment. For case in point, you may want your driver’s license or other ID or proof of eligibility.

If you consider any medicines, you should maintain having them as you typically do. If you consider medicines that impact the immune process, discuss with your wellness treatment service provider to locate out if acquiring the COVID-19 vaccine will perform or result in any challenges for you.

You should not consider around-the-counter agony relievers these as aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen to support avoid aspect results prior to you get the vaccine. It is not regarded if these medicines will impact how well the vaccine works. However, if you consider these medicines often for other explanations, you can consider them as you normally do.

You should also not consider antihistamines to support avoid an allergic response prior to you get the vaccine.

If you have any concerns about your medicines, request your wellness treatment service provider or the vaccine service provider.

Throughout YOUR VACCINE APPOINTMENT

You will want to dress in a mask at the vaccination web-site the entire time. All people else at the web-site will also have to dress in a mask. Check out to continue to be at the very least 6 feet absent from other individuals at all occasions.

Soon after you get your vaccine, you will wait around at the vaccination web-site for 15 minutes to make guaranteed you do not have a severe allergic response to the shot (this is incredibly scarce). If you have experienced a previous severe allergic response or if you have experienced an immediate response to immunizations in the earlier, you may want to wait around for 30 minutes as a precaution. Vaccination internet sites are equipped to present immediate treatment for severe allergic reactions and phone for emergency clinical treatment.

At your appointment, you will possible schedule the day of your 2nd dose if you are acquiring a two-dose vaccine. You should get a vaccination card that tells you what vaccine you acquired and the day and site you acquired it. Be guaranteed to maintain this card if wanted for foreseeable future use. You will want to deliver it with you for your 2nd dose if you are acquiring a two-dose vaccine.

You should make contact with the vaccination service provider web-site:

  • If you did not get a vaccination card or you reduce your card
  • If you did not schedule an appointment for a 2nd dose
  • If you want to reschedule your 2nd dose

You can also make contact with your point out wellness division if you have concerns about COVID-19 vaccinations.

COVID-19 VACCINE TIMING

If you acquired one particular of the two-dose vaccines, you will want to get your 2nd dose within a certain selection of months. You want to get the identical style (model) of vaccine for your 2nd dose as you acquired for your to start with.

  • If you acquired the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, you should get your 2nd Pfizer shot about 21 times (three months) right after the to start with shot.
  • If you acquired the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, you should get your 2nd Moderna shot about 28 times (4 months) right after the to start with shot.
  • The day you get your to start with shot, you will possible also schedule the day for your 2nd shot.
  • It will take time for your immune process to start off defending you right after acquiring the vaccine. You are deemed fully vaccinated two months right after your 2nd dose.

If you acquired the one-dose vaccine:

  • You only want one particular shot for this vaccine to safeguard you in opposition to COVID-19.
  • It will take time for your immune process to start off defending you right after acquiring the vaccine. You are deemed fully vaccinated two months right after your shot.

You are not fully vaccinated if it has been fewer than two months considering that your one-dose shot or your 2nd two-dose shot. You are not fully vaccinated if you have only acquired one dose of a two-dose vaccine.

Entirely vaccinated folks can resume functions with out wearing a mask or physically distancing, except wherever needed by federal, point out, community, tribal, or territorial regulations, regulations, and restrictions, which include community organization and place of work steering.

The CDC has tips for what it is protected to do when you are fully vaccinated.

VACCINE Aspect Consequences

Even though COVID-19 vaccines will not make you unwell, they may result in specified aspect results and flu-like indications. This is typical. These indications are a indication that your body is earning antibodies in opposition to the virus.

Prevalent aspect results include things like:

  • Soreness, redness, and inflammation on the arm wherever you acquired the shot
  • Tiredness
  • Headache
  • Muscle agony
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea

Some folks get a red, itchy, swollen, painful rash in the arm wherever they acquired the shot. This is regarded as “COVID arm.” This can manifest times right after acquiring the to start with shot. You should even now get your 2nd shot if you acquired a two-dose vaccine. You can request to have it in the other arm.

To support minimize aspect results you should:

  • Move the arm wherever you acquired the shot usually in the course of the day
  • Utilize a clean up, amazing washcloth to ease inflammation and distress
  • Drink a great deal of fluids
  • Costume frivolously if you have a fever

Take note that the aspect results from the 2nd dose may be much more rigorous than these from the to start with shot. Symptoms from the shot may make you truly feel negative enough that you want to consider time off from perform or every day functions, but they should go absent within a number of times. Even if you do have aspect results, it is even now critical to get the 2nd shot. The threats of any aspect results from the vaccine are far fewer perilous than the potential for significant disease or dying from COVID-19.

You may be instructed by the vaccine service provider that you can consider acetaminophen or another OTC medication these as ibuprofen or aspirin to support minimize any vaccine aspect results. Or, discuss with your doctor about having OTC medication if you are not guaranteed.

If indications do not go absent in a number of times, or if you have any fears, you should make contact with your wellness treatment service provider.

In scarce instances, folks have experienced severe and non-severe allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccines. If you have a severe or non-severe allergic response right after acquiring the to start with shot of the COVID-19 vaccine, you should not get the 2nd shot. Converse with your wellness treatment service provider to see if there are other options.

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