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Cancer survivors: Late effects of cancer treatment

Most cancers survivors: Late consequences of most cancers remedy

Learn about late and extended-term consequences of most cancers remedy so that you can take additional control of your wellness as a most cancers survivor.

By Mayo Clinic Personnel

Your most cancers remedy is over, but the therapies that may well have saved your everyday living may well also proceed to lead to side consequences.

As additional men and women are residing for a longer time immediately after most cancers remedy, additional is starting to be acknowledged about late side consequences of most cancers remedy.

Find out all you can about late consequences of most cancers remedy, and use this info to assistance handle your wellness.

What are late consequences of most cancers remedy?

Late consequences are side consequences of most cancers remedy that turn into clear immediately after your remedy has finished. Most cancers survivors may practical experience late consequences of most cancers remedy a long time afterwards.

What most cancers therapies lead to late consequences?

Late consequences of most cancers remedy can come from any of the primary kinds of most cancers remedy: chemotherapy, hormone treatment, radiation, surgery, specific treatment and immunotherapy. As newer kinds of most cancers remedy are designed, these kinds of as immunotherapy, medical doctors may well find that these therapies also lead to late consequences in most cancers survivors.

Procedure Late consequences
Chemotherapy
  • Dental challenges
  • Early menopause
  • Listening to reduction
  • Coronary heart challenges
  • Elevated danger of other cancers
  • Infertility
  • Decline of taste
  • Lung illness
  • Nerve hurt
  • Osteoporosis
  • Reduced lung capacity
Radiation treatment
  • Cavities and tooth decay
  • Early menopause
  • Coronary heart and vascular challenges
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Elevated danger of other cancers
  • Elevated danger of stroke
  • Infertility
  • Intestinal challenges
  • Lung illness
  • Lymphedema
  • Memory challenges
  • Osteoporosis
Surgery
Hormone treatment
  • Blood clots
  • Incredibly hot flashes (in males as perfectly as in ladies)
  • Elevated danger of other cancers
  • Menopausal symptoms
  • Osteoporosis
  • Sexual side consequences (males and ladies)
Immunotherapy Late consequences not known at this time
Focused treatment Late consequences not known at this time

Maintain in mind that not all people who has most cancers remedy gets each individual of the late consequences, and some men and women may not practical experience any late consequences of remedy.

Unique chemotherapy medicine lead to different late consequences. So if you did not take the chemotherapy medicine that can lead to infertility, then you usually are not thought to be at danger of that unique late influence.

Late consequences of radiation and surgery will influence only the area of the physique exposed to them. So, for case in point, if you experienced radiation to a portion of your physique other than your head or neck, then you will not be at danger of cavities and tooth decay as a result of your radiation treatment.

What late consequences may men and women who were being handled for childhood cancers practical experience?

If you underwent most cancers remedy as a child, you may well be at danger of numerous of the similar late side consequences of remedy as men and women who were being adults through their most cancers therapies.

But you may well also be at danger of further late side consequences. Which is simply because kid’s bones, tissues and organs are rising rapidly through remedy, so most cancers remedy can interfere through this crucial time of progress.

As with late side consequences in adult most cancers survivors, late side consequences in childhood most cancers survivors will differ based on the kind of most cancers and kind of remedy. Moreover, the age at which you were being handled may well establish what late side consequences, if any, may be of danger to you.

Childhood most cancers survivors practical experience some of these late side consequences:

  • Coronary heart challenges, such as an enhanced danger of coronary heart assaults
  • Blood vessel challenges, such as an enhanced danger of stroke
  • Lung challenges, which can lead to problems breathing
  • Liver challenges
  • Kidney challenges
  • Cataracts
  • Bone challenges, these kinds of as bone thinning (osteoporosis) and joint agony
  • Brief stature, caused by gradual bone progress
  • Obesity
  • Infertility
  • Memory challenges and discovering disabilities
  • Eyesight reduction
  • Listening to reduction
  • Thyroid challenges
  • Elevated danger of other kinds of cancers
  • Nerve hurt

If you were being handled for most cancers numerous a long time back, you may well presume any wellness challenges you have are similar to aging, not previous most cancers therapies.

Notify your physician what you know about your childhood most cancers therapies. If your mothers and fathers or other household members have records of your remedy, provide all those for your physician.

What indications and symptoms may signal that you’re encountering late consequences of most cancers remedy?

Speak to your physician about the late consequences of your unique remedy. In some conditions, your physician will know what consequences are at danger to you. But the late consequences of numerous therapies even now usually are not acknowledged.

Your physician may be ready to assistance you comprehend what indications and symptoms are clues that you’re encountering sure late consequences of your most cancers remedy. Your physician may also display you for late consequences of remedy when you come in for comply with-up appointments immediately after your most cancers remedy is done.

Report to your physician any indications or symptoms that worry you. It is really finest to have them checked out so that, at the very least, you never commit a lot of time worrying about what could be completely wrong.

If you were being handled for most cancers numerous a long time back or are no for a longer time viewing a most cancers professional for checkups, talk to your most important care physician about late consequences. If you feel you may be encountering late consequences or your physician just isn’t guaranteed what late consequences to enjoy for, ask for a referral to a most cancers professional.

What can you do to avoid late consequences of most cancers remedy?

It just isn’t clear that late consequences are preventable or why some men and women may practical experience late consequences when others never. Whilst this can be discouraging, you can take measures to assistance cope should really you practical experience late consequences of remedy. Training and taking in a wholesome eating plan with lots of fruits and veggies can assistance make you stronger and healthier. Keeping away from tobacco, abnormal liquor use and extended solar exposure also are very useful.

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